The oncology department specializes in the diagnosis, management and treatment of cancer. Most hospitals are also involved in research and participate in cancer clinical trials to test new forms of treatments on willing patients. The oncology department offers a variety of cancer treatments such as cancer drugs, biological targeted therapies, chemotherapy and immunotherapy. Oncology closely liaises with the department of surgery (if surgery is required - surgeons can specialize in surgical oncology, that is the removal of cancerous tumors), the pain clinic (helping patients cope with chronic pain), radiology, dieticians and social workers.
Medical oncologist: A doctor qualified to specialize in cancer care and treatment is called a medical oncologist. Adult oncologists prescribe, administer and monitor chemotherapy in adults. Pediatric oncologists prescribe, administer and monitor chemotherapy in infants and children. Diagnostic radiologists specialize in the use of X-rays, CT scans, bone scans, MRIs and other radiation-based techniques for diagnosing cancer. Radiation oncologists prescribe, administer and monitor radiation therapy to kill cancer cells. In some hospitals diagnostic radiologists and radiation oncologists have their own department called the department of radiation oncology.
Oncology nurses are nurses who are qualified in the care of cancer patients.
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